### How To: Remember "greater than" & "less than" symbols

This video shows you how to easily remember "greater than" and "less than" math symbols. The first thing you have to remember is that "less than" symbol looks like the letter L ("less than" symbol is "<"). When you see this sign, remember that < looks like L and means "less than". The other symbol, "greater than" does not look like the letter L, therefore it cannot be "less than" and it's easier to remember. The "greater than" symbol is ">". That's it! Good Luck!

### How To: Find the Volume of Composite Figures (Also Called Composite Shapes)

Composite figures are composed of several geometric shapes and are three-dimensional shapes. The first composite shape is a combination of a rectangular prism and a pyramid. To find the volume of the entire shape you find the volume of each individual shape and add them together. The second figure consists of a cylinder and a hemisphere. Check out the video below for the full lesson.

### How To: Use ">" (greater than) and "<" (less than) symbols

In this video the author explains how to identify the less than (<) and greater than (>) symbols and when to use them. She explains to us to relate the numbers to animals stating that the smaller numbers are smaller animals and bigger numbers are bigger animals. Now she tells us to imagine that smaller animals are eaten up by the larger animals. So she shows a smaller number comes on the left side of '<' sign and bigger number comes on the right side of '<' sign stating that the bigger number...

### How To: Divide small numbers by big numbers

This is a mathematical educational video on how to divide a small number by a larger number. You are aware that it is easy to divide a larger number by a small number. For example, if you want to divide 379 by 9 it is easy to do so. But if you have to divide 9 by 379 it is a bit difficult. You have to add a zero and see if you can divide. You need to add one more zero so that you can divide 900 by 379. But you should know that the answer would start like this 0.0 as we have added 2 zeros alre...

### How To: Solve equations with the order of operations

In mathematics, the order of operations define the priority in which complex equations are solved. The top priority is your parenthesis, then exponents, followed by multiplication and division, and finally addition and subtraction (PEMDAS). This video tutorial demonstrates the order of operation with various examples and explains the associated methodology. From Ramanujan to calculus co-creator Gottfried Leibniz, many of the world's best and brightest mathematical minds have belonged to autod...

### How To: Find a number given Its percent

This how-to video is about how to find a number when its percent is given. This video is really helpful and effective in finding the number when the percent is given, the following steps are explained in the video to find the number when its percent is given:

### How To: Find the area & perimeter of triangles & squares

When you are figuring the area of a square, you only need to know the height and width of the shape. Once you know the height and width, multiply them to get the area of the square. To find the perimeter of the square, add all four sides together. To find the area of a triangle, multiply together two of the sides (not the hypotenuse) and then multiply that figure by 1/2. To find the perimeter of the triangle, add all three sides together.

### How To: Find a missing side of a triangle, similar to another

In this tutorial the author shows how to find out the missing side of a triangle which is similar to an other triangle. He explains the concept of similar triangle using diagrams and by showing that similar triangles have equal corresponding angles and parallel sides. Now he labels sides of similar triangles and intends to find out the length of unknown side. Now in similar triangles, as the lengths of sides are proportionate he shows how to write a equation of proportion and solve it finding...

### How To: Calculate percent composition for chemistry

To calculate percentage composition we will take the example CO2 it stands for Carbon-Di-Oxide. It is the composition of Carbon and Oxygen. We have one carbon and its weight is 12.01 and 2 oxygen. So, we will multiply 2 with 16.00 which is the weight of the oxygen.

### How To: Find the area of a parallelogram using geometry

The video shows us how to find the area of parallelogram using geometry. Here in this video it is done by using an example where the parallelogram is given ABCD. The area of the parallelogram is base times height (bh). Here the base is given as 15 but the height is not known but it is represented by the segment BD. To find the value of h, let’s use right triangle BDC on the right side of the figure. Since base is 15 and the opposite side of the parallelogram is congruent, the hypotenuse of th...

### How To: Find the formula of a piecewise function given a graph

This video shows how to find the formula of a piecewise function when given a graph. The first step is to write a definition for the graph, which is done by identifying the different domains shown in the graph. The second step is writing formulas for each domain specified by the lines in the graph. The point-slope formula is used to identify the slope and y-intercept for the leftmost domain, which has a sloped line. A point and horizontal line make for simpler equations in the other pieces of...

### How To: Convert improper fractions to mixed numbers quickly

Watch this video to learn how to convert improper fractions to mixed numbers. For example, follow these steps. First step is one fraction value. For example 7/3. Second step is divide the numerator by denominator means when 7 divide 3 you can get remainder as 1. Means 7 before value can multiply with the 6 so you can subtract 7-6=1 that is remainder. Multiplied value of 3 nothing but 2 is multiplication of the mixed numbers remainder take it as a numerator and denominator is always take it as...

### How To: Match exponential graphs

This video tutorial belongs to the Education category which is going to show you how to match exponential graphs. The video shows two graph sheets with three graphs marked A to F on each sheet and six equations. It starts off with matching the basic function, y = 2 to the power x. If you plug in zero for x, you get '2 to the power 0' which is 1. Hence, the equation becomes; y = 1. So, the graph that passes through y = 1 is the matching one. In the video it is graph A. You can watch the video ...

### How To: Find the standard deviation with the Z-Score formula

In this tutorial, we learn how to find the standard deviation with the Z-Score formula. First, take your problem and write it out one by one underneath each other. Then, you will need to substitute the numbers in for the variables that are in the problem. Once you do this, you will follow the basic rules of math to find out what the answer to the problem is appropriately. Once you have done this, finish off the problem to find the answer, then you will have found the standard deviation using ...

### How To: Subtract mixed numbers with borrowing

This video teaches you to subtract mixed numbers with borrowing. Consider 2 mixed numbers. For example 8 and 2/7 and the other 5 and 4/5.You have to subtract 5 and 4/5 from 8 and 2/7. First you have to convert the fractions to their common denominator. To equate the denominators of these two fractions you have to multiply the first denominator with the numerator and the denominator of the second fraction and also multiply the numerator and denominator of the first fraction with the denominato...

### How To: Evaluate factorials with a TI-83 calculator

The factorial of a number n can be defined as the product of all positive integers that are greater than 0 but less than or equal to n.

### How To: Estimate probabilities with the empirical rule

Learn how to use the empirical rule (or 68-95-99.7 rule) to estimate probabilities for normal distributions in statistics. From Ramanujan to calculus co-creator Gottfried Leibniz, many of the world's best and brightest mathematical minds have belonged to autodidacts. And, thanks to the Internet, it's easier than ever to follow in their footsteps (or just finish your homework or study for that next big test). With this installment from Internet pedagogical superstar Salman Khan's series of fre...

### How To: Use a formula to find the area of a parallelogram

This video shows us how to use a formula to find the area of a parallelogram. The formula for finding the area of parallelogram is the same as finding the area of rectangle or a square which is equal to length time’s breadth. But the parallelogram looks a bit different and the parallelogram is basically a rectangle but it is not at right angles. If you draw two altitudes then it is a rectangle with two triangles and if you cut one of the triangles and paste it next to another triangle then we...

### How To: Do long division without a calculator

This video shows you step by step how to do long division without the use of a calculator. The video shows viewers two different ways to solve a division problem. It first shows how to do the problem the traditional way, then it shows how to do it according to the long division process. The long division process is where you write the whole division, multiplication, and subtraction process out showing all your work. Long division is mainly used when dividing large numbers. There are three com...

### How To: Find the Percent Given Two Numbers

Whether you're shopping for deals, need help with a little math, or any number of other occasions, it's a valuable skill to know how to quickly figure out a percentage given two numbers.

### How To: Find the slope of a line given 2 points with fractions

In this video tutorial the instructor shows how to find the slope of a line given two points with fractional values. To do this first name your two points as point 1 with coordinates as x1, y1 and point 2 with coordinates x2, y2. Then substitute the values in the equation of the slope which is slope m = (y2 - y1) / (x2 - x1). Now all you have to do is simply the fraction after substituting the point values. Be careful about the signs while substituting in the formula. Now finally after solvin...

### How To: Calculate the area of a parallelogram

Calculating The Area Of A Parallelogram A parallelogram is a 4-sided shape formed by two pairs of parallel lines. Opposite sides are equal in length and opposite angles are equal in measure. To find the area of a parallelogram, multiply the base by the height. The formula is:

### How To: Find the equation of a circle given: center & tangent

In this video, the instructor shows how to find the equation of a circle given its center point and a tangent line to it. To do this, take a graph and plot the given point and the tangent on that graph. Now, from the center of the circle, measure the perpendicular distance to the tangent line. This gives us the radius of the circle. Using the center point and the radius, you can find the equation of the circle using the general circle formula (x-h)*(x-h) + (y-k)*(y-k) = r*r, where (h,k) is th...

### How To: Prove a triangle inscribed in a circle is right angled

When a triangle is inserted in a circle in such a way that one of the side of the triangle is diameter of the circle then the triangle is right triangle. To prove this first draw the figure of a circle. Now draw a diameter to it. It can be any line passing through the center of the circle and touching the sides of it. Now making this as the side of a triangle draw two lines from the ends of the diameter to a point on the circle. Now join the center of the circle to the other vertex of the cir...

### How To: Calculate probability in "at least one" problems

Calculating probablities can be used to help us make decision. PatrickJMT explains how to calculate probability in an "either A or not A" scenario. The probability of A plus the probability of not A is equal to one. Therefore, the probability of A is equal to one minus the probability of not A ; P(A)= 1 - P(not A). The probability of a major earthquake in San Francisco over a period of time is used as an example. The probablity of an earthquake of a magnitude of 7.5 or greater in San Francisc...

### How To: Find standard deviation

In this video tutorial, viewers learn how to calculate the standard deviation of a data set. The standard deviation of a statistical population, a data set, or a probability distribution is the square root of its variance. To calculate the standard deviation, users will need to follow these steps. 1) Find the mean of the data. 2) Subtract the mean from each data point. 3) Square each of the values you got in step 2. 4) Then find the mean of the values you get from step 3. 5) Finally, square r...

### How To: Find a missing angle outside of a triangle

For people who are having problems with certain parts of geometry, this video will offer you advice on how to find a missing angle on the outside of a triangle when you are provided with the measurements of the other two angles in the triangle. Since the sum of the angles in a triangle is always 180 degrees, you should first take the sum of the other two angles and then subtract this from 180 in order to find the measurement of the missing angle in the triangle. Next, since there are also 180...

### How To: Calculate the area of complex shapes

Watch this video to learn how to calculate the area inside complex figures--shapes composed of multiple smaller, simpler shapes. The first step is to break the shape into its simpler component shapes. Then, using the information you have about the large shape, find all information you can about the smaller ones: base, height, etc. Next, find the areas of the smaller component shapes. Finally, add the areas of each of the component shapes together to find the area of the complex shape. Now you...

### How To: Simplify cube roots

In this video, the narrator presents the viewer with a quick, painless way of simplifying cube roots. The narrator presents many methods to simplify square roots to appeal to different learning styles. By doing things like dividing the power by the root to figure out the power of a number x, the viewer is better able to tackle square-rooting numbers that may not have friendly roots. The video gets more complex as it goes on, eventually teaching the viewer to split the inside of a root up if t...

### How To: Find the area of a triangle with decimal measurements

This is an introductory educational video that shows how to find the area of a triangle with decimal measurements.

### How To: Find the area of complex figures

In this tutorial the author explains how to compute the area of a complex figure. Now he first defines what a complex figure is by saying that a complex figure is a figure made up of two or more basic shapes. He uses an example to convey his idea and breaks that sample figure into basic squares and rectangles. Now he computes the areas of these individual units separately and finally puts them together to arrive at the final area of the complex figure. If you are looking to compute the area o...

### How To: Figure out the domain of a vector function

Need to know how to calculate the domain of a vector-valued function? Learn how with this free video lesson. From Ramanujan to calculus co-creator Gottfried Leibniz, many of the world's best and brightest mathematical minds have belonged to autodidacts. And, thanks to the Internet, it's easier than ever to follow in their footsteps (or just finish your homework or study for that next big test).

### How To: Convert temperature using a point slope equation

In this video the instructor shows how to convert temperature using the point slope form. In this kind of problem sometimes you are given a temperature in Fahrenheit and its equivalent in Celsius and an other temperature similarly in both Fahrenheit and Celsius. Now you are asked to find a linear equation for these pair of temperatures. To solve these kind of problems assume that the given temperatures represent the point (x, y). Now you have two points. Substitute this value in the point slo...

### How To: Factor trinomials with the "swing method"

This is a very interesting educational video on how to find the factor trinomials using the swing method. Let us take an example and find the factor trinomials for 2xsquare-13x-45. Let us use the swing method. So now we will get 2xsquare -13x-45. You have to find the suitable factors of 90. It is 18 and 5. If you multiply 18 by 5 you will get 90. You will get (x-18over2)(x+5over2). The final answer is (x-9)(2x+5). Now we have found out the factor trinomials of 2xsquare-13x-45. This swing meth...

### How To: Find the length of a median in a trapezoid

In this tutorial video the author shows how to find the length of the median of a trapezoid. He starts to show that we first need to add the sum of the parallel sides of the trapezoid which are on the either side of the median. Now this obtained value is to be divided by two to get the length of the median. He explains that the length of the median of a trapezoid is nothing but the average of the lengths of the parallel sides of the trapezoid. If you want to learn how to find the length of th...

### How To: Solve percent equations

In this tutorial the instructor shows how to solve percent equations. The general form of a percent equations is that a is b% of c. As there can be three kinds of variables a, b, c, the questions involving percent equations can be of three types having one of the three variables unknown. These kind of percent statements can be solved easily by setting up an equation. So, to convert percent statement into a equation replace the unknown term with n, the 'is' term with equals sign and the '%' si...

### How To: Write and graph an equation in slope intercept form

This video teaches us the method to write an equation in slope intercept form and to graph it. The equation of line is y = mx + c. m is the slope and c is the y intercept or the point where it crosses the y axis. Let us find the equation of line if it crosses (8,6) and m=1/2. Substituting the values of x,y and m we get 6=(8)(1/2)+b. Simplifying we get b=2. Substituting the values in the equation of line, we get y = m/2 + 2. Suppose we want to find the x coordinate of a point on the line given...

### How To: Increase or decrease by a percentage

In this video, we learn how to increase or decrease by a percentage. First, to increase you will need to find what the percent of the number is. To do this, you will find 10%, which should be very easy. As soon as you've found this, you can add or subtract to find the percent you need. Then, add this onto the original number and you'll know the percentage. To decrease the percentage, you will do the same type of equation. Except, you will need to subtract as you go to finish the problem. When...

### How To: Find a missing part of a triangle, similar to another

In this tutorial the author shows how to find out the missing part of a triangle that is similar to another triangle. He explains the concept of similar triangle diagrammatically by showing that similar triangles have similar angles and parallel sides. Now he labels sides of similar triangles and marks the value of unknown side as variable x. Now in similar triangles as the lengths of sides of proportionate he shows how to write a equation of proportion and solves it finding the missing part ...

### How To: Multiply fractions with canceling

This video will show you how to carry out multiplication of fractions using cancellation, which will make your fraction multiplication problems simpler to solve. You will need to look at the numerator of the first fraction and the denominator of the second fraction and see if you can find a common factor between the two numbers. If one does exist, you can simply divide both numbers by that common factor and simplify. Repeat this for the other numerator and denominator and if possible, your fr...