This video shows the method to simplify rational expressions. The example used in the video is multiple of 4 and x square plus multiple of 4 and x plus 1 or (4x^2 + 4x + 1)/(2x^3 + 11x^2 + 5x). As the first and last term is a perfect square we get the simplified numerator as (2x + 1)(2x + 1). Next, the denominator is simplified. Taking the common factor out we get x(2x^2 + 11x + 5). Now we factorize 2x^2 + 11x + 5. We get (2x + 1)(x + 5 ). Now, writing the terms in numerator and denominator we get [(2x + 1)(2x + 1)]/[x(2x + 1)(x + 5)]. Cancelling the common factor we get (2x + 1)/[x(x + 5)] as the final answer.